The 3 Step Approach to Treating Injuries
The best home treatment is a three-step approach. Just remember the acronym I-C-E: Ice, Compression and Elevation.
The first thing to do to an injured area is apply ice, which will help reduce the swelling. Keep the ice directly on the area for 20 minutes. It's best not to use chemical ice (the kind used in coolers) because the temperature isn't low enough.
Also helpful is an ice massage. Use six-ounce paper cups to freeze water, then tear off half the paper and rub the ice on the swollen area for 8 to 12 minutes each hour.
Don't apply heat until the swelling has gone down. Then alternate between hot and cold treatments to encourage blood flow.
Wrap the injured area with an elastic bandage to help prevent further swelling and give support. Don't wrap the area too tightly or wear the bandage overnight. You can also purchase an inflatable air cast at a pharmacy or medical supply store.
Prop an injured leg on a chair and use a sling to elevate an injured arm or wrist. If problems persist contact a physician.